Sale or Delivery of Cocaine in Florida
If charged with Sale or Delivery of Cocaine, it is important to know the:
- Definition of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine
- Penalties for Trafficking in Cocaine
- Defenses to Trafficking in Cocaine
Definition of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine
Under Florida Statute 893.13(1)(a)(1), the crime of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine is committed when a person:
- Sells, manufactures, or delivers any amount of cocaine; or
- Possesses any amount of cocaine with the intent to sell, manufacture, or deliver the cocaine.
Penalties for Sale or Delivery of Cocaine
The crime of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine is classified as a Second Degree Felony and is assigned a Level 5 offense severity ranking under Florida's Criminal Punishment Code.
If convicted of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine, a judge can impose any combination of the following penalties:
- Up to fifteen (15) years in prison.
- Up to fifteen (15) years of probation.
- Up to $10,000 in fines.
Driver's License Suspension
Pursuant to Florida Statute 322.055, any person convicted of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine will have their driver’s license or driving privilege revoked for one year by the Florida DHSMV.
Professional License Suspension
Pursuant to Florida Statute 893.11, a person convicted of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine will be subject to the emergency suspension of any Professional License issued by the State of Florida that authorizes the practicing of a profession or trade.
Defenses to Sale or Delivery of Cocaine
If the cocaine was found in a place where more than one person had access, the prosecutor would have to comply with the law of constructive possession, which requires the prosecutor to prove the following two elements before you can be convicted of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine: 
- Knowledge of the Cocaine's presence; and
- Dominion and control over the cocaine, which means more than the mere ability to reach out and touch the cocaine. 
Below are scenarios where it can be argued the prosecutor could not meet their burden of proving constructive Sale or Delivery of Cocaine.
Scenario 1: You were stopped while driving a friend's car and police found cocaine in the glove box, they would be unable to convict you of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine unless they had some proof that you knew the cocaine was present.
Scenario 2: You were driving your car, had a friend with you, and your friend takes a large bag of cocaine and places it at his feet. The police then stop you, see your friend's bag, and arrest both of you. They should be unable to convict you of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine because even though you knew the cocaine was present, your friend is the only person who exercised dominion and control over it.
Illegal Search and Seizure
More often than not, law enforcement exceed the scope of their authority and require people to submit to a vehicle, home, or body search; or they may coerce a person into agreeing to a search. If we can prove that either instance occurred, the courts will suppress the resulting evidence as having been illegally obtained.
Other suppression possibilities that may present themselves are: if law enforcement obtained a search warrant in bad faith or if you were arrested without probable cause.
Lack of Knowledge
It is an affirmative defense to the crime of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine if you can prove that you did not know the substance in your possession was cocaine. Because knowledge is an affirmative defense, you would be required to testify to a lack of knowledge of the substance's illegal nature. 
It is a defense to the crime of Sale or Delivery of Cocaine that the cocaine was possessed for personal use. 
In such cases, the State would have to present evidence that is inconsistent with personal possession; such as an abnormal quantity of drugs, scales, bundled money, ledgers, or distribution paraphernalia.
Contact Criminal Defense Lawyer Richard Hornsby
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