Burglary in Florida
Under Florida Statute 810.02, the crime of Burglary is defined as unlawfully entering a dwelling, structure, or conveyance, remaining inside a dwelling, structure, or conveyance surreptitiously, or remaining in a dwelling, structure, or conveyance after permission to remain has been withdrawn with the intent to commit a crime inside.
There are three types of Burglary crimes in Florida:
Penalties for Burglary
The penalties for the crime of Burglary depend on which type of Burglary you are charged with:
- Burglary of a Dwelling
- Burglary of a Structure
- Burglary of a Conveyance
Defenses to Burglary
Frequently, when two people (usually juveniles) are walking, one of the people will spontaneously decide to engage in illegal activity, such as entering an abandoned home or a closed business. If caught, law enforcement will often charge the second person who stood by and watched the first person commit the illegal activity as an accomplice, assuming the second person was acting as a lookout.
Under such circumstances, simply being present with the first person is insufficient to convict the second person with burglary or trespass unless the second person consciously did some act or said some word that incited, caused, assisted, or encouraged the first person to commit the illegal act. 
Consent to enter is not an element of Burglary, but is an affirmative defense to the crime. A defendant has the burden to offer evidence of consent. But once evidence of consent is presented, the prosecutor must disprove the consent to enter the dwelling beyond a reasonable doubt. 
Consent is usually raised when there are multiple people who use the dwelling, one of whom gave you consent to enter or use the dwelling. Under such circumstances a defendant cannot be convicted of burglary of a dwelling just because the other people were unaware you were authorizes to enter or use the dwelling.
Lack of Intent to Commit a Crime
One of the elements necessary to support a conviction for Burglary is the intent to commit a crime inside. Usually this is proven by showing that a person entered the dwelling stealthily. 
However, if a person shows non-criminal reasons for entering the dwelling, such as to get out of the rain or to find a place to sleep, a person cannot be convicted of Burglary (although a conviction for Trespass may be proper).
Open to the Public
A subset of the consent defense, if a dwelling is "open to the public" a person by definition has consensually entered, no matter what the subjective intentions for entering are. As a result, the right to "remain inside" is implied unless the State has proof that the implied consent to "remain inside" was withdrawn. So if you commit a crime inside (such as theft or robbery) you cannot also be convicted of Burglary. 
Off Limits or Employee Only Area
The "Open to the Public" defense does not apply to an off limits or employee only area of a dwelling and a Burglary conviction will be upheld if such an area is entered. 
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